Medicine is one of the most sorted out and rewarding career for those interested in Science and dealing with sick people. Over the years, the field of medical studies have undergone various stages of development, it has become so vast that specializations within are increasing day by day. There is great scope for a career in medicine.
Although doctor's profession involves a lot of hard work, it also gives the satisfaction of curing patients and at times even saving lives. It is a very demanding profession. It is more responsible to be in this profession is as compared to privilege. It is more of what you can give to the community than what you can get from it.
Anatomy: It is the study of the physical structure of organisms. Even macroscopic or gross anatomy, cytology, and histology are concerned with microscopic structures.
Biochemistry: Biochemistry is the study of the chemistry taking place in living organisms, especially the structure and function of their chemical components.
Biomechanics: It is the study of the structure and function of biological systems by means of the methods of Mechanics.
Biostatistics: It is the application of statistics to biological fields in the broadest sense. Knowledge of biostatistics is essential in the planning, evaluation, and interpretation of medical research. It is also basic to epidemiology and evidence-based medicine.
Biophysics: It is an interdisciplinary science that uses the methods of physics and physical chemistry to study biological systems.
Cytology: It is the microscopic study of individual cells.
Embryology: It is the study of the early development of organisms.
Endocrinology: It is the study of hormones and their effect throughout the body of animals.
Epidemiology: It is the study of the demographics of disease processes, and includes, but is not limited to, the study of epidemics.
Genetics: Genetics is the study of genes and their role in biological inheritance.
Histology: Histology is the study of the structures of biological tissues by light microscopy, electron microscopy, and immunohistochemistry.
Immunology: It is the study of the immune system, which includes the innate and adaptive immune system in humans.
Medical physics: It is the study of the applications of physics principles in medicine.
Microbiology: It is the study of microorganisms, including protozoa, bacteria, fungi, and viruses.
Molecular biology: It is the study of molecular underpinnings of the process of replication, transcription, and translation of the genetic material.
Neuroscience: Neuroscience includes those disciplines of science that are related to the study of the nervous system. The main focus of neuroscience is on the biology and physiology of the human brain and spinal cord. Some related clinical specialties include neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry.
Nutrition science (theoretical focus) and Dietetics (practical focus): It is the study of the relationship of food and drinks to health and disease, especially in determining an optimal diet. Medical nutrition therapy is done by dietitians and is prescribed for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, weight and eating disorders, allergies, malnutrition, and neoplastic diseases.
Pathology: It is the study of disease—the causes, course, progression, and resolution thereof.
Pharmacology: It is the study of drugs and their actions.
Photobiology: It is the study of the interactions between non-ionizing radiation and living organisms.
Physiology: It is the study of the normal functioning of the body and the underlying regulatory mechanisms.
Radiobiology: It is the study of the interactions between ionizing radiation and living organisms.
Toxicology: It is the study of hazardous effects of drugs and poisons.
For a student to apply for degree in Medicine, following criterion must be met :
The qualification required for entrance is 10+2 or equivalent with Science subjects. In the case of private medical colleges, entrance examinations are conducted by the institutes individually.
The basic or degree level qualification for a medical profession is MBBS which includes Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery and is of 5 1/2 years duration (including 1-year internship). Selection for MBBS is through an All India Entrance Examination (AIPMT).
In addition to MBBS, the candidate should complete House Urgency or internship for one year.
The field of medicine and healthcare offers a wide variety of choices to pursue a career that is extremely respectable.
The major specialization includes -:
ENT (ear, nose, and throat):
There are also super specializations which require a further 3-5 year of study in areas such as plastic surgery, neurosurgery, cardiothoracic surgery etc.
There is also chance for those wishing to practice medicine in -:
The armed strenght
overseas care agencies.
Prisons hospitals or research institutes.
Clinical trial organizations
Private Healthcare establishments.
Residential nursing homes.
Air ambulance services.
Salaries and Perks
Doctors are known as one of the highly paid amongst all. If you are interested in making money then surely go for it.The initial salary of a doctor may be the Rs. 8000 to Rs. 15,000 per month. After getting the experience and good hands-on in this field, the candidate may get the handsome salary as 6 to 8 lakh per annum.
• Best Institutes of the country offering Medicine Courses include:
It is a medical college and medical research public university. It is located in New Delhi, India. It was set up in 1956 and operates autonomously under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
GRANTS MEDICAL COLLEGE
The Grant Government Medical College, Mumbai is one of the premier institutions of India affiliated to the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik. This institution was set up in1845 with a consistent performance in ranking in the top 10 Medical colleges all over India.
LADY HARDINGE MEDICAL COLLEGE
This College is a medical college for women located in New Delhi, India. Being set up in 1916, it became part of the Faculty of Medical Sciences, the University of Delhi in 1950. The college is funded by the Government of India.
ARMED FORCES MEDICAL COLLEGE (AFMC)
It is a premier medical institute of India. It is acknowledged as a center of excellence for education and research. It provides training to undergraduate and post-graduate medical. It also provides training to nursing students with assured career prospects in the defense services.
JAWAHARLAL INSTITUTE OF POST-GRADUATE MEDICAL EDUCATION & RESEARCH (JIPMER)
This college is originated as École de Médicine de Pondichérry established by the French Government in the year 1823.At the time of de facto transfer of Pondicherry to Government of India, this medical school was converted into Dhanvantari Medical College.This Medical College was later upgraded into Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER).
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Some of the famous and successful people who hold a degree in Mechanical Engineering are:
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